What equipment will you need to start a catering business? Our goal is to answer all your catering equipment questions from the pricing, how each tool is used, and even setup considerations inside one epic post. By the end of this article you’ll understand the exact equipment you need, don’t need, and what you can rent instead of buying to save you money.

Finally, we provide a downloadable Excel spreadsheet at the bottom of this page you can download, save, and refer to when building your custom catering equipment list. Keep in mind, your finalized equipment list will vary from the example on the bottom of the page based on your unique menu.

Determine Your Catering Menu

Before determining the catering equipment you need to buy, you need to figure out your menu. Just like a restaurant, you want to stay in your lane so to speak with a food concept. Not only does keeping a consistent menu help you become a master of the food you serve, but you won’t need to invest so much money in equipment that you might only use for one event.

You might already recognize catering businesses specialize in menus serving BBQ, Hawaiian, Mexican, or Italian foods. The first step is to figure out what kind of menu where you plan to specialize. You’ll be able to tweak your menu based on customer tastes or requests, but sticking to a high-level theme is important. It’s impossible for you to be great at cooking and serving every type of food under the sun. Don’t fall into the trap of having something for everyone or you won’t ever build a catering business that’s truly memorable!

Related Reading: How I Started a Legit Catering Business Out of My House

Catering spread for a Mexican food concept.

Determine Size of Catering Events

Different catering businesses serve different sizes and audiences of people like corporate events, weddings, tailgating, or birthday parties. The typical wedding caterer won’t serve more than 200 guests regularly. Many food businesses start by serving small groups of 50 people or less. The smaller your catering event, the less equipment you need and easier it will be to get started. As a rule of thumb, we recommend starting with a small catering events first. This will help you build up your confidence and experience before tackling the bigger and more lucrative gigs.

Get to Know Local Event Rental Companies

Don’t break the bank by purchasing all your catering equipment at once. In fact, there’s a lot of equipment you may never need to purchase. As a caterer it’s in your best interest to get to know your local event rental companies. The easiest way to find options near you is to visit Google and type event rental companies into the search field to locate what’s available near you.

You can rent just any piece catering equipment you need from these supply businesses. In fact, while you’re still in the planning phase of your business it’s worth spending an afternoon visiting these shops to explore what’s available for rent and take notes on the different pieces that could work for each type of events. As your business grows, you could find yourself serving casual locations like birthday parties to a weddings so it’s important to understand the spectrum of items available to rent.

Below are items you can expect to find at a party rental shop. If you’re reading this now, you’re probably in the early days of your business and starting out on a budget. With this important consideration in mind, we recommend renting the high-ticket items. Here are some catering equipment pieces you should be renting (at first):

Tents: To purchase even a small tent or canopy will set you back a few thousand dollars. A larger tent popular at weddings might be tens of thousands of dollars to purchase. Then you’ve got to find a place to store it while the item is not in use. As a result, you’ll want to rent these until you’re confident you have regular catering business coming in.

Seating: The style and size of seats will differ based on the type of catering event. Benches will work better in some locations while folding chairs might be just fine for a corporate picnic. Since seating is a variable decision, rent it instead of buying.

Banquet Tables:  You will likely want to buy one or two banquet tables yourself since this is an item you’ll be using frequently and will need on hand. In the event you’re planning a larger service with more tables needed, renting is an easy and affordable option to fill the gap.

Sound / Visual Equipment: This is rare, but you may be asked to provide lighting or sound for an event. You can find this equipment here as well. Note: These responsibilities are typically handled by an event planner and not a caterer.

Be sure to ask the catering customer what need at the event before renting any equipment. Build simple questions like “Do you need seating?” into your catering intake process. If you take the time to communicate with customers and ask these basic questions you’ll save yourself a lot of time and headaches.

Many of your catering events won’t require you to bring any seating at all or tables at all. For a casual corporate lunch, you will only need to deliver the basics: food in foil pans, large plastic spoons to serve, and make plastic cutlery / napkins available. All the food will be laid out on a conference table and diners will serve themselves. Make sure to ask if seating or tables are needed before going through the hassle of bringing tables and chairs.

Finally, for any equipment that needs to be rented you’ll need to charge a service fee or rental charge to pass this expense on to the customer. If a customer asks about a service fee in a catering proposal, you can explain that it’s a service fee needed to pay for a convenience of offering seating, tents, etc. Most customers will find this acceptable after the reasoning is explained. It’s also worth noting what a service fee is for inside the proposal.

Some customers may want to negotiate the service fee. Negotiating a fair price is fine. Nobody wants to pay more than they need to for services. But you should never accept a catering opportunity that doesn’t make financial sense for your business. This may mean saying no to certain opportunities.

Corporate catering can be a lucrative approach to this business model.

What Kinds of Catering Utensils Do You Need?

The catering equipment you’ll need to pull off a successful catering gig fall into five categories: serving equipment, buffet equipment, beverage station, storage / travel, and presentation. We dive into the details of each category below. If you want to jump straight to the checklist, scroll down to get the free spreadsheet now.

Serving Equipment

As the name suggests, you need tools to serve food. This type of equipment includes a whole bunch of frequently used items like tongs, serving spoons, forks, knifes, and plates. We recommend purchasing these items instead of renting serving equipment since you’ll get ROI on this investment. You’ll use these utensils over and over for years to come so it makes sense to own these pieces.

Buffet Equipment

If you’re starting a catering business, you’ll probably host buffet style events. Buffet style has a lot of cost advantages to caterers since the amount of labor needed to pull it off is a fraction of the cost for table service. Most customers will appreciate the lower cost option too. Buffet equipment that helps you setup a professional buffet line includes big plastic bowls for serving cold items, heat lamps, linens, and chafing dishes.

Beverage Station Equipment

While entrees are the stars, don’t forget about offering beverages too. Hot and cold beverages are the highest margin products you can offer as a business owner. As a result, you should always offer coffee, tea, lemonade or other drinks that make sense with your food concept. We also recommend investing in low-cost water carafes to add a touch of elegance to your beverage service or station.

Food Storage / Travel Equipment

In most scenarios, you won’t cook food on-site at the event. As a result, you’ll need equipment to keep food items hot or cold wh